Specializing in Religion
Columbus, Ohio, USA

Procession for Our Lady of Guadalupe Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Eid festival at the Noor Islamic Cultural Center, Dublin, Ohio, 2015.
Micah Bales helps carry a replica of the Biblical golden calf past the U.S. Capitol building during the Occupy Church movement, Washington, D.C., 2011.
Pastor Lawrence Bishop II leads a cowboy church service, Monroe, Ohio, 2017.
Gospel clown performance at the Sunbury Church of the Nazarene, Sunbury, Ohio, 2017.
A prisoner at the Ohio Reformatory for Women participates in the Cone of Power, a practice of raising and directing energy through chants and song, during a pagan prison ministry session, Marysville, Ohio, 2018.
Sean Davies, a practitioner of Asatru, summons land spirits during a summer ritual, Grove City, Ohio, 2013.
A young boy rings a bell during a Diwali celebration at the Bharatiya Hindu Temple, Powell, Ohio, December 2015.
Ethiopian Orthodox Meskel celebration, Columbus, Ohio, 2017.
ISKCON devotee Maithila das making an offering to the holy Tulsi plant at the ISKCON St. Louis temple, St. Louis, Missouri, 2019.
Parishioner Asegedew Wole during Divine Liturgy at the St. Gabriel and St. Mary Ethiopian Orthodox Church, St. Louis, Missouri, 2019.
Truck driver Ben Blackburn at Bible study at a Transport For Christ mobile chapel, Lodi, Ohio, 2013.
Amren Youssouf during a Muslim get-out-the-vote effort during the 2016 Presidential Election, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Wiccan veterans at Pagan Pride Day, Louisville, Kentucky, 2015.
A Christian street evangelist with a shofar, a traditional Jewish ram's horn, at the Republican National Convention, Cleveland, Ohio, 2016.
Westboro Baptist Church protest at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence march in the Stonewall Columbus Pride Festival and Parade, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Annual Krampus walk, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Born again Christian Jeff and Pam Mullen at the breakfast bar of the Drury Inn and Suites, St. Louis, Missouri, 2019.
Protester at the Republican National Convention, Cleveland, Ohio, 2016.
Peacekeeping "angels" at a Westboro Baptist Church protest, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Easter at St. Stevan-Dechani Serbian Orthodox Church, Columbus, Ohio, 2016.
Ethiopian Orthodox parishioners at a picnic celebrating their priest's daughter's high school graduation, Maryland Heights, Missouri, 2019.
Sikhs prepare chapatis in the gurdwara, the communal kitchen, of the Guru Nanak Religious Society, Columbus, Ohio, 2018.
Somali wedding, Columbus, Ohio, 2017.
Friends on a spring day at Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio, 2017.
Mennonite wedding reception, North Bloomfield, Ohio, 2014.
Shawn Reilly, a Native American veteran, at the Monroe Independence Day Pow Wow, Sardis, Ohio, 2015.

Belief, Unbound

Religion, as I once understood it, was something contained: a set of beliefs and practices neatly confined to the walls of institutional buildings, to the pages of sacred texts. Part of my understanding was rooted in personal experience: My family used to worship at a church one day per week, and our faith was largely separate, temporally and spatially, from the rest of our lives. But moreover, this is how religion is often pictured.

Photography has a complicated history of creating and reinforcing such visual tropes. However, the act of creating photographs can heighten sensory awareness and provide direct contact with the subjects of these pre-determined narratives. In this way, I find that photography challenges me to reevaluate what I think I know, to look beyond what I expect to see. It is no coincidence that shortly after I learned to use a camera, I gravitated toward religion, the very topic about which I had held many superficial assumptions. Through the lens and the experiences and relationships it fosters, I now see religions spill out of the boundaries I once expected to contain them, intersecting readily with urban and natural landscapes, ethnic identity, politics, economics, and other spheres. I record this complicated dance between the banal and the sacred in everyday lives and toils. My goal is not to redefine religion or where to find it, but to pose such questions and encourage nuanced ways of seeing and understanding.

I’ve taken the majority of the photos in this collection in the Midwest, where I have lived for the past seven years. Sometimes dismissed as a homogenous flyover zone, this region is somewhat of a microcosm of the United States, awash in different cultures and ideologies that meet and mingle, and sometimes tangle and clash. Far from discrete, the communities I have met are visibly in constant conversation with their surroundings and with each other.

These photographs were produced in part for the American Religious Sounds Project and the Lived Religion in the Digital Age project.

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